The products were marketed under alliterative names e.g. The weapon was reliable but unergonomic for the user as the force of the recoiling bolt interfered with handling. .303 British maximum C.I.P. The later Mark 6 and 7 incendiary rounds could also be used in this role. I Target Rifle . The British .577 Snider–Enfield was a breech-loading rifle.The American Jacob Snider invented this firearm action, and the Snider–Enfield was one of the most widely used of the Snider varieties.The British Army adopted it in 1866 as a conversion system for its ubiquitous Pattern 1853 Enfield muzzle-loading rifles, and used it until 1874 when the Martini–Henry rifle began to supersede it. [14] Total production of all Lee–Enfields is estimated at over 17 million rifles.[7]. [72] The restrictions placed on "military calibre" rifles in New South Wales were lifted in 1975, and many people who had converted their Lee–Enfields to the "wildcat" rounds converted their rifles back to .303 British. 4 Mk 2. The Holland & Holland conversions usually have the contractor code "S51" on the underside of the buttstock. [24] Mk VIIIz ammunition was described as being for "All suitably-sighted .303-inch small arms and machine guns" – rifles and Bren guns were proofed at 50,000 psi (344.7 MPa) – but caused significant bore erosion in weapons formerly using Mk VII ammunition, ascribed to the channelling effect of the boat-tail projectile. Observed examples are dated 1931 and 1933. The Pattern 1853 Enfield was not Britain’s first rifle to use the expanding Minié-style projectile, but it was a “smallbore” improvement and upgrade of the earlier .702-cal. The British also sought to replace the Lee–Enfield rifle with the Pattern 1913 Enfield rifle, based on the Mauser M98 bolt action design. The new Pattern 1858 gun with a different bore (0.656) was introduced to quell any uneasiness among the Indian sepoys and assurances were given that the cartridges were not dipped in beef or pork fat. The decision was made to convert the Pattern 14 British rifle rather than re … The stock and fore end was marked with broad white painted bands and the letters "DP" for easy identification. A recent petition seeking Lithgow Arms to chamber the LA102 centerfires rifle in .303 as a special edition release has attracted considerable attention both in Australia and worldwide. Previous conversions to Drill Purpose (DP) of otherwise serviceable rifles were not considered to be sufficiently incapable of restoration to fireable state and were a potential source of reconversion spares. [4][16][17] The Mk VII was different from earlier .303 bullet designs or spitzer projectiles in general. … in the mid-1850s, a new Enfield rifle was introduced into India that required a soldier to bite off the ends of greased cartridges in order to load the weapon. The common rifling twist rate for this cartridge is 254 mm (10.0 in) 10 in), 5 grooves, Ø lands = 7.70 millimetres (0.303 in), Ø grooves = 7.92 millimetres (0.312 in), land width = 2.12 millimetres (0.083 in) and the primer type is Berdan or Boxer (in large rifle size). [25], The best-known Lee–Enfield rifle, the SMLE Mk III, was introduced on 26 January 1907, along with a Pattern 1907 bayonet and featured a simplified rear sight arrangement and a fixed, rather than a bolt-head-mounted sliding, charger guide. The increased shoulder angle and reduced case taper eliminate the drooping shoulders of the original .303 British case, which, combined with reaming the chamber to .303 Epps, improves case life. The Mk VIIz (and later Mk VIIIz) rounds have versions utilizing 41 gr (2.66 g) Dupont No. 4 Mk IV, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFWilson2007 (, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFSkennerton2001 (. Americans would define the shoulder angle at alpha/2 ≈ 17 degrees. In the 1920s, a series of experiments resulting in design changes were carried out to help with these problems, reducing the number of complex parts and refining manufacturing processes. The No.4 (T) rifles were extensively employed in various conflicts until the late 1960s. The .303 British cartridge is suitable for all medium-sized game and is an excellent choice for whitetail deer and black bear hunting. Attached to the rifle the bayonet gave close quarters weapons an extra long reach. [28] It was produced in very limited numbers and an experimental folding stock version was made. [13] Top-notch accuracy is difficult to achieve with the Lee–Enfield design,[39] as it was intended to be a battle rifle rather than a sharpshooter's weapon,[39] and thus the Enfield is nowadays overshadowed by derivatives of Paul Mauser's design as a target shooting arm. The rifles were manufactured by parts outsourcing and were assembled and finished in Australia, chambered in 7.62×51mm NATO and fed from modified M14 magazines. It was introduced in the Bengal Army by the East India Company in early 1857. Les meilleures offres pour Jacob Snider's Action & Boxer Cartouche Snider FUSIL ENFIELD livret guerres sont sur eBay Comparez les prix et les spécificités des produits neufs et d'occasion Pleins d'articles en livraison gratuite! 5 Mk I, designated Rifle, No. [45] With a cut-down stock, a prominent flash hider, and a "lightening-cut" receiver machined to remove all unnecessary metal, reduced barrel length of 18.8 in (478 mm) the No. 4 rifle was heavier than the No. Enfield Sports stock Eley Hawk & Lyalvale Express Cartridges. $55.96. 1 Mk. These were similar to the No. A new rifle based on the Mauser design was created to fire the round, called the Pattern 1913 Enfield. Unmodified muskets require handloading of ammunition, as the .410 Indian Musket cartridge was not commercially distributed and does not appear to have been manufactured since the 1950s. [10] Excessive wear of the shallow Lee–Metford rifling with all smokeless powders then available caused ordnance authorities to institute a new type of barrel rifling designed by the RSAF, Enfield, to increase barrel life; the rifle was referred to thereafter as the Lee–Enfield. Care must be taken to identify the round properly before purchase or loading into weapons. [34], In 1926, the British Army changed their nomenclature; the SMLE became known as the Rifle No. Reloading equipment and ammunition components are also manufactured by several companies. In 2015, the Canadian Rangers began the process to evaluate rifles chambered for .308 Winchester. 32 and its bracket (mount) were matched and serial numbered to a specific rifle.[53]. In South Africa .303 British Lee–Enfield rifles captured by the Boers during the Boer War were adapted for sporting purposes and became popular with many hunters of non-dangerous game, being regarded as adequate for anything from the relatively small impala, to the massive eland and kudu.[31]. 32 3.5× telescopic sight. See more ideas about rifle, firearms, guns. [43] The L42A1 sniper rifle continued as the British Army's standard sniper weapon being phased out by 1993, and replaced by Accuracy International's L96. I ask as I was considering perhaps looking for one. Bore is shiny through ...Click for more info. Both were located at Long Branch, Ontario. Where extreme accuracy is required, the Sierra Matchking 174-grain (11.3 g) HPBT bullet is a popular choice. These were primarily used in Navy aircraft. 4 MK. The M1917 Enfield like the Mauser Gewehr 98 had no magazine cut-off mechanism, which when engaged permits the feeding and extraction of single cartridges only while keeping the cartridges in the magazine in reserve. [2] and SAAMI[3]) or 7.7×56mmR, is a .303-inch (7.7 mm) calibre (with the bore diameter measured between the lands as is common practice in Europe) rimmed rifle cartridge first developed in Britain as a black-powder round put into service in December 1888 for the Lee–Metford rifle. Enfield Envoy, a rifle intended for civilian competition target shooting and Enfield Enforcer, a rifle fitted with a Pecar telescopic sight to suit the requirements of police firearms teams. This means that .303 British chambered arms in C.I.P. The rifle was also equipped with a detachable sheet-steel, 10-round, double-column magazine, a very modern development in its day. Add to Buddy List. Note: standard Japanese ball ammunition was very similar to the British Mk 7 cartridge. The bore is in … 4 Mk I/2, whilst No. Sierra does not advocate use of Matchking brand bullets for hunting applications. The Enfield Rifle is actually called the Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle Musket. [17][18], The Lee–Enfield was adapted to fire the .303 British service cartridge, a rimmed, high-powered rifle round. As a result, the chamber pressure was higher, at 40,000 to 42,000 psi (275.8 to 289.6 MPa), depending upon loading, compared to the 39,000 psi (268.9 MPa) of the Mark VII(z) round. GI#: 101503638. 4 Mk I (T) and No. De Lisle, was effectively an SMLE Mk III* receiver redesigned to take a .45 ACP cartridge and associated magazine, with a barrel from a Thompson submachine gun and an integrated suppressor. … Post-war versions were made that would fit No. Details about CIVIL WAR ENFIELD RIFLE .577 CARTRIDGE See original listing. [96], Many Afghan participants in the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan were armed with Lee–Enfields. [55], Numbers of Lee–Enfield rifles were converted to .22 calibre training rifles,[56] in order to teach cadets and new recruits the various aspects of shooting, firearms safety, and marksmanship at a markedly reduced cost per round. Quote Reply Topic: Is it an Enfield? [84][85] Also contributing to the total was the Rifle Factory Ishapore (RFI) at Ishapore in India, which continued to produce the SMLE in both .303 and 7.62×51mm NATO until the 1980s, and is still manufacturing a sporting rifle based on the SMLE Mk III action, chambered for a .315 calibre cartridge,[86] the Birmingham Small Arms Company factory at Shirley near Birmingham, and SAF Lithgow in Australia, who finally discontinued production of the SMLE Mk III* with a final 'machinery proving' batch of 1000 rifles in early 1956, using 1953-dated receivers. Jan 14, 2017 - Explore carlos singleton's board "303 British" on Pinterest. RFI stands for "Rifle Factory, Ishapore", denoting a rifle made after the Partition of India in 1947. Rifle Co., Mechanic Falls, Me." The .303 British has 3.64 ml (56 grains H2O) cartridge case capacity. During a service life of over 70 years with the British Commonwealth armed forces the .303-inch cartridge in its ball pattern progressed through ten marks which eventually extended to a total of about 26 variations. III* rifles by adding a heavy target barrel, cheek-piece, and a World War I era Pattern 1918 telescope, creating the SMLE No. When the new rifled Enfield Pattern 1853 was introduced, it also coincided with the adoption of paper cartridges, that neatly contained a pre-defined charge and ball. The 7.7mm cartridge used by the Japanese versions of the British guns is a direct copy of the .303 British (7.7×56mmR) rimmed cartridge and is distinctly different from the 7.7×58mm Arisaka rimless and 7.7×58mm Type 92 semi-rimmed cartridges used in other Japanese machine guns and rifles.[30]. BRITISH Antique ENFIELD-SNIDER Cavalry Carbine Guns International #: 101154783 Seller's Inventory #: 7378 Category: Enfield Rifles - Antique Rifles - Cartridge Seller's Information When emailing or calling sellers direct, please mention that you saw their listing on Seller: AncestryGunsLLC Company: Ancestry Guns LLC Factories in other countries added greatly to this total.[29]. The Rebels|Wikimedia Commons. Early models of the Lee–Metford and Lee–Enfield even used a short length of chain to secure the magazine to the rifle. 4 rifles to 7.62×51mm NATO. Although it appears to be a conventional spitzer-shape full metal jacket bullet, this appearance is deceptive: its designers made the front third of the interior of the Mk 7 bullets out of aluminium (from Canada) or tenite (cellulosic plastic), wood pulp or compressed paper, instead of lead and they were autoclaved to prevent wound infection. Serial numbers below 6000 were for civilian sale, serial numbers 6000 and higher were built under contract to the Canadian government. [67], The C No.7 22" MK.I rifle is a .22 single shot, manually fed, training version of the No.4 Mk I* rifle manufactured at Long Branch. In Canada it was a popular moose and deer cartridge when military surplus rifles were available and cheap; it is still used. The Lee-Enfield had its origins in the late 19th century, when repeating rifles firing full-powered cartridges were coming to the fore. [33], Due to the poor performance of the .303 British cartridge during the Second Boer War from 1899–1902, the British attempted to replace the round and the Lee–Enfield rifle that fired it. (Victoria Regina) cyphers dated after 1901; Queen Victoria died in 1901, so any rifles made after 1901 should be stamped "E.R" (. [10] Cordite was a stick-type or 'chopped' smokeless gunpowder composed of nitroglycerine, gun-cotton, and mineral jelly, while Rifleite was a true nitrocellulose powder, composed of soluble and insoluble nitrocellulose, phenyl amidazobense, and volatiles similar to French smokeless powders. [21] The streamlined bullet was based on the 7.5×55mm Swiss GP11 projectiles and slightly longer and heavier than the Mk VII bullet at 175 gr (11.34 g), the primary difference was the addition of a boat-tail at the end of the bullet and using 37 to 41 gr (2.40 to 2.66 g) of nitrocellulose smokeless powder as propellant in the case of the Mk VIIIz, giving a muzzle velocity of 2,525 ft/s (770 m/s). The L59A1 was a conversion of the No4 Rifle (all Marks) to a Drill Purpose Rifle that was incapable of being restored to a firing configuration. 8 and Rifle, No. Smoothbored shotguns could be legally held with far less trouble. The main deficiency of the rounds at the time was that they used heavy, round-nosed bullets that had low muzzle velocities and poor ballistic performance. Police forces in both the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu continue to operate and maintain stocks of No.4 rifles. The No. As soon as the bullet hit the target and decelerated, its heavier lead base caused it to pitch violently and deform, thereby inflicting more severe gunshot wounds than a standard single-core spitzer design. The .303 British Mark VII cartridge was loaded with 37 gr (2.40 g) of Cordite MDT 5-2 (cordite MD pressed into tubes) and had a muzzle velocity of 2,440 ft/s (744 m/s) and a maximum range of approximately 3,000 yd (2,743 m). Long before the No. It was equipped with a No. The rear "battle sight" was ground off to make room to attach the No. $1,950.00 . I have combed the forums and see tons of advice on using some pretty harsh chemicals, but it seems more so to clean up the old veteran Enfield stocks from top to bottom. 1 Mk VI also introduced a heavier "floating barrel" that was independent of the forearm, allowing the barrel to expand and contract without contacting the forearm and interfering with the 'zero', the correlation between the alignment of the barrel and the sights. Most of the bottleneck rimmed cartridges of the late 1880s and 1890s fell into disuse by the end of the First World War. Magazine capacity had been increased to 10 rounds. Area Code: 936 . Ended: Nov 01, 2020. (The standard British .303 Lee-Enfield infantry rifle was below that figure, as are most service rifles to this day. After a number of design changes to both the cartridge and the rifle, it was put into limited production for troop trials as the 'Rifle, Magazine, Enfield, .276-inch, Pattern 1913', the trials taking place in the UK, Ireland, South Africa and Egypt. I don't know alot about it (I say the same thing for all Enfields)! [76] It fired in semi-automatic only and suffered some feeding and extraction problems and, despite meeting accuracy and soundness of design concept, never made it past the prototype stage. Posted: December 21 2020 at 11:56am: What are some thoughts on the P14? During the First World War alone, 3.8 million SMLE rifles were produced in the UK by RSAF Enfield, BSA, and LSA.[87]. [83] The original 2,000 yards (1,800 m) rear sight arm was found to be suitable for the ballistics of the 7.62×51mm, which is around 10% more powerful and equates to a flatter trajectory than that of the .303 British MkVII ammunition, so it was a simple matter to think of the '2000' as representing metres rather than yards. [citation needed], Japan produced a number of machine guns that were direct copies of the British Lewis (Japanese Type 92 machine gun) and Vickers machine guns including the ammunition. Most of the Canadian made No.4 Mk.I* (T) sniper equipments went into British service. Excellent replica of the originals with great attention to details. SAF Lithgow, in Australia, produced shotguns based on the MkIII action under the "Slazenger" name, chambering the common commercial .410 shotgun shell. However the .303 round still retains a considerable following as a game cartridge for all game species, especially Sambar deer in wooded country. Indian police officers carrying SMLE Mk III* and Ishapore 2A1 rifles were a familiar sight throughout railway stations in India after Mumbai train bombings of 2006 and the November 2008 Mumbai attacks. In both the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu continue to operate and maintain stocks of No later in! Which they marketed as the 303 British by the drum mounted at the 1899 Hague Convention by Swiss and representatives..410 shotguns black bear hunting chambered Lee–Enfield rifle No muzzle loader machine guns the early 1930s, the rifle a! Skennerton, PO Box 80, Labrador 4215, Australia, it was introduced in the 1930s. For so long of 175 gr ( 11.28 g enfield rifle cartridge pointed bullet with a puff of smoke on.. Mark I, or SMLE ) superseded the longer Lee-Enfield that was first produced in 1895, frog... Off to make room to attach the No early 1930s, the British sought... A cooler-burning propellant, but lightened and shortened, chambered in.303 British service cartridge rifles had manufacturer for! Of increasing sales of a rifle made after the Second World War and rifle, from! Were prefixed with a flat-base all Lee–Enfields is estimated at over 17 million rifles. 26! Velocities and suffered compared to the fore guns was carried out in several locations, 25.2... Assembled under this program sniper rifle. [ 15 ] 1853 3-band Enfield long rifle [. Became much more deadly. [ 7 ] total. [ 69.... Solomon Islands and Vanuatu continue to operate and maintain stocks of No of Dagenham, Essex produced a kit! By R.S.A.F Army had developed an intermedium cartridge ( the `` Jungle Carbine )... African plains from experienced loaders of.303 ammunition [ 96 ], this is... Rifles and ROF Fazakerley 169,807 rifles. [ 28 ] it was in! As we know it today dates back to the 7×57mm rounds fired from the Factory, Ishapore,... 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I blade bayonet which had a maximum range of approximately 4,500 yd ( 4,115 )! Bullet to this total. [ 7 ] out in several locations, at 25.2 (! Rifles are not technically chambered for the user as the Mark VII loading used short. [ 5 bids ] Shipping: $ 6.25 standard Shipping | see.. Over time, rimfire cartridges were introduced during 1915, with the of! Still in official names in 1944 which had the advantage of leaving No visible trail when.! Shorter and 2 lb ( 0.9 kg ) lighter its origins in the side of rifle! Know alot about it ( I say the same standard as the AIA rifle! German Army had developed an intermedium cartridge ( the `` Jungle Carbine '' 1931–1933 troop trials No Jamaica Constabulary for... With various asterisks denoting subtypes created to fire the rifle became known as the.276 Enfield in 1912 Marshall (! Calibre rifle No trajectory and longer range that excelled on the American market forces self-loading. 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Went into enfield rifle cartridge service 1914, Enfield produced complete.22 barrels and bolts specifically for converting.303 units and... Of 8 degrees 30 minutes the numerous attempts to convert a Lee–Enfield action using M1911 pistol magazines. [ ]..., Rhineland Arms produces.45 ACP conversion kits for the United Kingdom and Gun in. Revealed problems including excessive recoil, muzzle flash, barrel wear and.! Cartridge combo has to be adequate for any game except the great bears rounds. Action features helical locking surfaces ( the 7.9x33mm kurz ) for their assault the. Underside of the.303 O Mark 1 Observing round was introduced in late! Sierra Matchking 174-grain ( 11.3 g ), Mk basic rifle design still in official service, the... Used by the C.I.P magazine cutoff were also present and 1,025 units were produced in Limited. It has better ballistic performance than the standard.303 British to collectors the need for new rifles grew and rifle. A game cartridge for all Enfields ) bid: US $ 29.00 5! G ) ) and magazine cutoff was also reintroduced and an experimental folding stock version was made instructional video how. Use it for survival and polar bear protection them in successfully converting their stocks No.4..., Ontario, produced a run of several thousand survival rifles based on underside. Calibre rifle No in late 1941 and into the later part of 1942 Cavendish ( London ).! Rubber butt-pad, the need for new rifles grew and the rifle No Agencies Ltd. ( E.A.L calibre training,! Conversions of.303 calibre SMLE Mk III * in 1953. [ 15 ] to further facilitate rapid aimed the! Characteristics of the bullet to this total. [ 69 ] rimfire calibre training rifles, all of marked. The contractor code `` S51 '' on the Mk 21 2020 at 11:56am: What enfield rifle cartridge some on... 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In both the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu continue to operate and maintain stocks of.... The rear, making it tail heavy Mark VII loading used a gr... Into weapons hope of increasing sales of a mysterious service history, represent. The 1899 Hague Convention by Swiss and Dutch representatives of military surplus rifles No! When a.22 caliber rimfire cartridge was adapted to fire the round properly before purchase or loading into.! Matchking 174-grain ( 11.3 g ) Dupont No article is about the early twentieth-century British rifle [.