Lenin felt that peasants were not one united group. Describe how socialism developed in Russia. The Russian peasants formed the Socialist Revolutionary Party in 1900, This party struggled for peasants’ rights and demanded that land belonging to nobles be transferred to peasants. Many people in the Bolshevik Party were initially surprised by the April theses. In the world socialist movement too it was recognised that all was not well in the Soviet Union. Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 2 â 8 Marks Questions. (iii) Some received education in the USSR’s Communist University of the Workers of the East. Mention three major changes that Stalin introduced in industry. On 16 October 1917, Lenin persuaded the Petrograd Soviet and the Bolshevik Party to agree to a socialist seizure of power. Question 13. Main events and effects of the February Revolution: It started a series of events that became known as the 1905 Revolution. All able-bodied men were called up to the war. Were the people in the eighteenth century—Europe in favour of a complete transformation of society? Answer: After notes we have also provided important questions form that topics. Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Class 9 Important Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions. What were the three things that Lenin wanted to do after he returned to Russia in April 1917 from his exile? So, ace up your preparation with MCQ of Chapter 3 History Objective Questions. They favoured a disciplined party, to control the members and quality of its members. In April 1917, he returned to Russia from his exile. All political parties were illegal in Russia before 1914. Social Democrats disagreed with Socialist Revolutionaries about peasants. Collectivisation was a policy of forced consolidation of individual peasant, households into collective farms called ‘Kolkhozes’. Answer: What were the ideas that liberals cherished? Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 MCQs Questions with Answers. Answer: The Tsar changed the voting laws and packed the Duma with conservative politicians who never questions his (Tsar’s) authority. What different visions of the future had socialists? This party struggled for peasants’ rights and demanded that land belonging to nobles be transferred to peasants. But it had denied the essential freedoms to its citizens and carried out its developmental projects through repressive policies. How did industrialisation change the lives of people in Europe? Russia’s industries were badly affected by the war. Trade unions were kept under party control. Answer: Answer: Russian army lost badly in Germany and Austria between 1914 and 1916. Very Short Answer Type Questions. Socialist wanted this change and campaigned for it. On the basis they made the Five Year Plans. Question 1. They felt men of property mainly should have the vote. (ii) Other socialist felt that cooperatives could not be built on a wide scale only through individual initiative. Socialists were active in the countryside through the late nineteenth century. (ii) The Bolshevik encouraged colonial peoples to follow their experiment. Answer: Explain. (iii) Non-Bolshevik socialists, liberals and supporters of autocracy condemned the Bolshevik uprising. Answer: It was a war started by Germany during the Second World War, which resulted in the mass murder of selected groups of innocent civilians of Europe. He was dead against the autocratic rule of the Tsar and wanted to topple his regime. The Bolsheviks kept industries and banks nationalised during the civil â¦ What were their political and social ideologies? Non-Bolshevik socialists, liberals and supporters of autocracy condemned the Bolshevik uprising. Or The eastern front was mainly Russia and it was colder. Army officials, landowners and industrialists were influential in the Provisional Government. Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 7 History Chapter 5 Rulers and Buildings with Answers Pdf free download. About 85% of the Russian population earned their living from agriculture. So, banks and industries were nationalised, so that they might not remain individual’s property. A backward country had become a great power. The First World War had severe impact on Russian industries. Hence, they could not be part of a socialist movement. Armies moved a good deal and fought battles leaving large casualties. The majority religion was Russian Orthodox Christianity but the empire also included Catholics, Protestants, Muslims and Buddhists. What was the Bolshevik Party known as in the later years? Able-bodied men were called up to the war. NCERT Solution Class 9 Social Science Chapter 2 gives all the important topics in detail and pointwise. Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. twentieth century, it was recognised that socialist ideals still enjoyed respect among the people across the world. Answer: In September, he began discussions for an uprising against the government, Bolshevik supporters in the army, Soviets and factories were brought together. Strikes took place all over the country. Making a Socialist Society. They were backed by French, American, British and Japanese troops. Which incident came to be known as ‘Bloody Sunday’? Anger and agitation could be seen everywhere among the soldiers as well as the common men. Question 6. Positive aspects: Question 6. Question 4. Answer: Question 11. MCQ Questions for Class â 9 Social Science History Chapter â 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution with Answers. Others had settled in cities permanently. There was heavy fighting especially in Moscow. How did peasants react to this policy? They did want the vote for women. Workers in England and Germany began forming associations to fight for better living and working conditions. Question 2. Answer: This would be a communist society. Describe how socialist ideas spread through Europe in the nineteenth century.1 Soon after the Revolution he nationalised banks and industries and declared land social property. In Such a society workers were exploited. . However, socialists cherished different visions of the future. By night, the city was under the committee’s control and the ministers had surrendered. They set up funds to help members in times of distress. By practicing Class 9 History Chapter 2 MCQ with Answers, you can score well in the exam. They saw private property as the root of all social evils of the time. (i) Tsar’s Autocratic rule was not tolerable now. But as they were not a united group, they were not considered to be part of a socialist movement started by Lenin . Unemployment was common, particularly during times of low demand for industrial goods. Many were deported and exiled. The uprising began on 24 October. Give a brief description of the Russian empire that existed in 1914. Question 15. NCERT Solutions Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. There had been exceptional frost and heavy snow. They wanted a nation which tolerated all religions. Or What was the basic idea behind building cooperatives? Answer: Question 17. The Bolsheviks under their leader Lenin constituted a majority of the socialists. They resisted the authorities and destroyed their livestock. They were paid less than men. (i) One of the groups that looked to change society in the nineteenth century were the liberals. What was the global impact of the Russian Revolution? But their condition remained the same. They disliked concentration of property in the hands of a few. Mention one difference between liberals and radicals. These chapter-wise CBSE Class 7 History Important Questions can help the students to revise the entire concepts of the subject and score well in the exam. (iii) Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels believed that to free themself from capitalist exploitation, workers had to construct a radically socialist society where all property was socially controlled. Answer: Question 8. He argued that industrial society was capitalist. They were also against women’s right to vote. Who was Giuseppe Mazzini? Who was Rasputin? Capitalists owned the capital invested in factories, and the profit of capitalists was produced by workers. Late in the day, the ship Aurora shelled the Winter Palace. They believed in gradual change and establishment of a parliamentary form of government like that of France and Britain. Answer: There were Several factors that led to the Russian Revolution in 1905 Russia’s armies lost badly in Germany and Austria between 1914 and 1916. (iii) The miserable condition of the Russian workers aggravated the situation. The government tried to control the situation but nothing happened. Dec 18, 2020 - Important Questions : Nazism and the Rise of Hitler, Class 9 | EduRev Notes is made by best teachers of Class 9. Or Question 14. How were the Bolsheviks different from the Mensheviks? In the empire, cultivators produced for the market as well as for their own needs and Russia was a major exporter of grain. When did the socialist took over the government in Russia? Answer: Before the eighteenth century it was the aristocracy and church which controlled economic and social power. The regiments supported the workers. Or Question and Answer forum for K12 Students. On the 27th, the Police Headquarters were ransacked. What were Lenin’s April Theses? Question 1. There was acute employment problem among the workers. Some were poor while others were rich. Why did socialists believe that private property was the root of all social ills of the time? At that time the majority religion of Russia was Russian Orthodox Christianity. The Bolshevik government came in power in 1917 under the leadership of Lenin. Or However, because of government policy, it had to operate as an illegal organisation. He also argued that the Bolshevik Party rename itself the Communist Party to indicate its new radical aims. 11th History chapter have many topics. What was Duma? The First World War on the ‘Eastern Front’ differed from that on the ‘Western Front’ in the following Suddenly, after the revolution, it seemed possible to change this. The Bolsheviks were totally opposed to private property. Soldiers, mostly peasants, wished to go home for redistribution and deserted the army. Question 30. They formed the Socialist Revolutionary Party in 1900. In the later years the Bolshevik party was known as the Russian Communist Party. Who was Karl Marx? (iv) Lenin succeeded in overthrowing the Provisional Government and in establishing a communist rule in Russia. Class 9 Social Science Chapter - Wise Marks Weightage. Question 5. They did not believe in Universal Adult Franchise. In many factories, women led the way to strikes. Socialism is a political and economic theory of social organisation which advocates that means of production, distribution and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole. The Central powers For examples, Germany, Austria and Turkey and. Here on AglaSem Schools, you can access to NCERT Book Solutions in free pdf for Social Science History for Class 9 so that you can refer them as and when required. Why were socialists active in the countryside in Russia through the late nineteenth century? Stalin’s collectivisation policy angered the peasants. Distinguish between the ideas of liberals and radicals. Question 5. By the mid-nineteenth century in Europe, socialism was a well-known body of ideas that attracted widespread attention. Or NCERT Class 9 History Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers The French Revolution. Those who resisted collectivisation, were severely punished. Since land was declared social property, So peasants began to seize the land of the nobility. It brought men, women and children to factories. Even conservatives changed their outlook after the French Revolution. They resisted the authorities and destroyed their livestock. A large number of people were forced to make false confessions under torture and were executed. Some people wanted change but they wished for a gradual shift while some wanted to restructure society radically. He was exiled for taking part in the 1905 Revolution. Answer: (i) Lenin was socialist leader of Russia. In Russia, the First World War (1914 – 1918) was initially popular and people showed faith in Tsar Nicholas II by rallying around him. In this page, you can find CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 2 Extra Questions and Answers Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Pdf free download, NCERT Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science will make your practice complete. There chapter wise Practice Questions with complete solutions are available for download in myCBSEguide website and mobile app. Chapter 2 History Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Extra Questions will help you to Answer all MCQ Questions (Quiz). Let the polynomial be f(x) = 5x â â¦ Some had strong links with the villages from which they came. Answer: Craftsmen undertook much of the production, but large factories existed alongside craft workshops. (i) Lenin was socialist leader of Russia. The Menshevik group thought that the party should be open to all. They felt that men of property mainly should have the right to vote. Radicals wanted a nation in which government was based on the majority of a country’s population. But it was attacked brutally by the police and the Cossacks. Question 10. A. Many people criticised the confusion in industrial production under the Planned Economy and the consequences of collectivisation Stalin and his sympathisers charged these critics with conspiracy against socialisation. He wanted the war to be brought to a close, land to be transferred to the peasants, and banks to be nationalized. How were the critics of planned economy and collectivisation treated by Stalin’s and his sympathizers? Question 1. Who controlled economic and social powers before the 18th century in France? Extra Questions for Class 9th: Ch 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution History Abhishek 08 Sept, 2018 Extra Questions for Class 10th: Ch 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Social Studies (S.St) Important Questions Answer Included In cities, Bolsheviks enforced the partition of large houses according to family requirements. Answer: More attention is paid to collective social interests. Large supplies of grain were sent to feed the army. As a result, the USSR lost its international reputation as a socialist country by the end of the twentieth century. In what ways was the working population in Russia different from other countries in Europe, before â¦ A Military Revolutionary Committee was appointed by the Soviet to organise the seizure. Question 27. Coal production doubled and iron and steel output quadrupled. Lenin and the Bolsheviks had opposed the war since 1914. Question 14. (ii) By 1916, railway lines began to break down. Answer: Thus the Duma was reentered right from the start, and people knew it. After centralised planning was introduced in Russia, industrial production increased and new factories came into being. Its industries and agriculture had developed and the poor were living a satisfactory life. Lenin and his supporters had opposed the war since 1914. Who advised the Tsar to abdicate? The winter was very cold. Question 1. Radicals opposed the privileges of great landowners and wealthy factory owners. Socialism in Europe and the Russia Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions. (i) Social conditions: There was no equality among the working class. Answer: But the fundamental laws, issued in April 1906, before the first Duma met in May 1906, deprived it of control over state ministers and limited its ability to initiate legislation effectively. (iii) He was convinced that workers would triumph in their conflict with capitalists. They thought that the time was not yet ripe for a socialist revolution and the provisional government needed to be supported. But in each country the ideas of socialism were rethought in a number of ways. Answer: Their demands included a reduction in the working day to eight hours, an increase in wages and improvement in their working conditions. Karnataka SSLC Class 10 Social Science History Important Questions Chapter 2 The Extension of â¦ In the city of Magnitogorsk, the construction of a steel plant was achieved in three years. The mechanised equipment itself would enable the extraction of greater surpluses than the peasant strip farm. Answer: Now he felt it was time for Soviets to take over power. The food supply situation turned even worse in subsequent years because production did not increase immediately. You can also find Social Science Class 10 Important Questions With Answers Pdf from the year 2010 to 2020 CBSE board exams. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels added other ideas to this body of arguments. Extra Questions Worksheet for CBSE Class 9 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution 2 nd Chapter History. Question 2. (iv) Although the international reputation of the USSR as a socialist country declined by the end of the . Workers whose jobs needed skill and training considered themselves aristocrats among other workers. Answer: The streets crowded with people raising slogans about bread, wages, better hours and democracy. Or This incident came to be known as Bloody Sunday. The membership of workers’ associations rose dramatically. Who were influential in the Provisional Government? They opened up their minds to the need for change. They also supported women’s suffragette movements. Answer: Question 7. However, the Tsar dismissed the First Duma within 75 days and the re-elected second Duma within three months. They were forced to work long hours at poor wages. The Duma: Question 2. Important Questions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. Question 2. The fourth Duma was also of limited political influence. Question 26. In February 1917, food shortages were deeply felt among the workers. The Russia Social Democratic Workers Party was founded in 1898 by socialists who were inspired by Marx’s ideas. Question 2. Describe how Petrograd led the February Revolution of 1917 that brought down the monarchy in Russia. As they retreated, the Russian army destroyed crops and buildings to prevent the enemy from being able to live off the land. Or The Tsar was an inefficient and corrupt ruler. Duma, an elected consultative Parliament, was created by the Tsar of Russia during the 1905 Revolution. In April 1917, he returned to Russia from his exile and took over power. Some believed in the idea of cooperatives, others felt that cooperatives could not be built on a wide scale only through individual initiative. Important questions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 2 named Polynomials help the students to prepare for the Class 9 Mathematics Examination. Answer: This document is highly rated by Class 9 â¦ Question 1. What was Stalin’s collectivisation programme? For the people in cities, bread and flour became scarce. In the beginning it promised that it would be a representative assembly and that its approval would be necessary for the enactment of legislation. Answer: Conservatives were opposed to radicals and liberals. Question 7. Appearing Students of Class 9 Exams can download MCQ on Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Class 9 with Answers from here. Question 12. Question 3. Lenin led the Bolshevik group which believed that the party should be disciplined and should control the number and quality of its members. Answer: Tsar Nicholas II ruled Russia and its empire in 1914. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 2 Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Questions. Why did the Kerenskii Government in Russia fall? Enlist the factors that led to the 1905 Revolution in Russia. We have focused on preparing you for the Class 9 exam based on CBSE syllabus. (i) One of the groups that looked to change society in the nineteenth century were the liberals. Answer: As a result, many industries and banks were nationalised. He introduced a process of centralised planning. Many were deported and exiled. In March 1918, despite opposition by their political allies, the Bolsheviks made peace with Germany at Brest Litovsk. Free Online MCQ Questions for Class 9 Social Science History with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. What do you know about his ‘April Theses’? What triggered civil war in Russia? The social, economic and political conditions in Russia before 1905 was quite backward. State-Controlled large farms Indiana ( USA ) the attention of the entire.... A German philosopher, economist and Revolutionary socialist was open to all and to work within the Russian war. 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