Prefixes are added to the beginning of an existing word in order to create a new word with a different meaning. infrastructure - underlying framework of a system; infrared - below the regular light spectrum. compulsion - a very strong urge; expulsion - to someone out; impulsive - having a spontaneous urge to do something. Graphology - the study of handwritings; autograph - written with one's own hand; seismograph - a machine noting strength and duration of earthquakes. attract - to pull objects nearer; distract - to drag attention away from something; tractor - a motor vehicle that pulls things. excavate - to dig out; exhale - to breathe out; extract - to pull out. Stephen Colbert coined the word "truthiness" by adding a suffix to the word "truth." psychology degree suffix. For example, the word reject is made up of the prefix re-and the Latin root ject, which is not a stand-alone word. linguist - one who studies languages; multilingual - able to communicate in multiple languages; linguine - long, flat "tongue-shaped" pasta. Root Words Activity endotherm - a creature that can keep its inside temperature fairly constant; endocrine - relating to glands that secrete directly into the blood or lymph; endogamy - the custom to marry within one's clan, tribe etc. idiomatic - Peculiar to a particular language; idiosyncracy - a physical or mental characteristic typical or a particular person; idiot - someone who is distinctly foolish or stupid. florist - someone working with flowers; floral - flowerlike; flora - the plant life of a particular time or area. permanent - lasting throughout all time; permeate - to spread throughout; persist - to continue for a long time; perennial - lasting through many years. optic - relating to the eyes; optician - a person who fits eyeglasses; autopsy - the examination of a dead body. Psst! This is a really comprehensive worksheet. Type de données: Chaine de caractères sans espace (un mot seul par exemple) Valeurs possibles : prefix: Modifie le préfixe de l'équipe, soit le texte avant les noms. [CDATA[ euphemism - replacing an offensive word with an inoffensive one; euphonious - having a pleasant sound; euphoria - feeling of well-being. Directions: Draw a line to match each prefix with its meaning. english words ending in suffix wise. convince - to win someone over; invincible - not able to be conquered; victory - the conquest of an enemy. lexicology - the study and history of words; alexia -loss of the ability to read; illegal - not authorized by the official rules or laws. prefix: root: oste (bone) suffix: osis (abnormal condition) literal meaning: bones become increasingly porous, brittle, and subject to fracture (loss of calcium) paraesthesia. Then circle the prefixes and define them. Examples. inscribe - to write letters or words on a surface; scribe - a person who writes out documents; describe - to represent with words or pictures. digression - a departure from the main issue, subject, etc. 32 engaging NoPrep task cards for suffix, prefix, and root words. (a) Ill _____ (b) u A base word, unlike a true root, is a word in its own right that can be turned into other words with the addition of affixes.There are two main types of affixes: prefixes and suffixes.A prefix is a group of letters added to the beginning of a word. a, ac, ad, af, ag, al, an, ap, as, at. duplicate - make an identical copy; duet - a musical composition for two voices or instruments; duo - a pair normally thought of as being together. megalopolis - an area with many nearby cities; megaphone - a device that projects a loud voice; megastructure - huge building or other structure. diarrhea - abnormally excessive bowl movement; hemorrhage - heavy blood flow; catarrh - inflammation of a mucous membrane, especially the nose and throat. dyspepsia - abnormal digestion; peptic - aiding digestion; pepsin - a digestive enzyme. Copyright © 2005 and after - LearnThat Foundation. Example: the root "bio-" means life. Root words may have a prefix, suffix, or both attached to them. verbalize - to put into words; adverb - a word relating to a verb; proverb - a short saying that expresses a well-known truth. We really like this sheet, so do teachers. someone who. The addition of affixes and prefixes can modify, alter, and change the meaning of a word. what does the suffix able mean. advocate - to speak in favor of; equivocate - to use misleading language that could be interpreted two different ways; vocalize - to produce with your voice. Firstly, prefixes and suffixes, primarily in Greek, but also in Latin, have a droppable -o-. motion - the act of moving; motivate - to move someone to action; promote to move someone forward; removable - able to be taken or carried away. hydrate - to add water to; hydrophobia - intense fear of water; hydroponics - growing plants in liquid nutrient solution; hydraulic - operated by force created by a liquid. rhinoceros - a species of animals with a big horn on the snout; rhinoplasty - surgery of the nose; rhinovirus - viruses that are causing the common cold. ramification - the resulting consequence of a decision; ramify - to spread or branch out; ramus - a branchlike part. Knowing the various prefixes and suffixes along with their meanings can really help you to understand how words are used, and also how they should be spelled. osteoarthritis - inflammation caused by degeneration of the joints; osteopathy - therapy that uses among others manipulation of the skeleton to restore health; osteology - the study of bones. Example-agog, -agogue: leader: demagogue, pedagogue-cide: kill(ing) patricide, infanticide, herbicide. Adding To Root Words esophagus - muscular tube that carries food to the stomach; anthropophagy or sarcophagy - cannibalism; xylophagous - feeding on wood. gratify - to please someone; grateful - feeling thankful; gratuity - a tip, token of appreciation. enumerate - to name a number of items on a list; numerology - the study of magical uses of numbers; numerous - a large number. liposuction - the mechanical removal of fat reserves in the tissue; lipase - enzyme that breaks down fat; lipoid - resembling fat. Suffix Change Up Meet the suffix and how it modifies the meanings of words. Name: _____ Prefix Assessment. pedal - a lever pushed by the foot; pedestrian - one who walks; pedicure - cosmetic treatment of feet and toes. Type a suffix or the letters to search for! Conclusion. It’s often helpful to just start with either prefixes or suffixes for a while and then add in the other. constellation - a group of stars that forms a pattern; interstellar - between the stars; stellar - relating to stars. Some words have two prefixes (in/sub/ordination). Exercises for understanding prefixes, suffixes, and roots of words. psyche - the human spirit or soul; psychic - relating to the human mind or someone who has supernatural mental abilities; psychology - the study of the mind. Root, prefix, affix or suffix word finding with the quantum word finder. The answer is simple: pyrotechnics - the art of making fireworks; pyrometer - a thermometer for measuring high temperature; pyretic - relating to or producing fever. In contrast, a root is the basis of a new word, but it does not typically form a stand-alone word on its own. quarter - one fourth; quart - a fourth of a gallon; quartet - a musical composition or group involving 4 voices or instruments. circumspect - cautious, looking all around; retrospective - a looking back at past things; spectator - a person who sees an event. the root is the main section which is the base word. Compound Words 4. purge - remove anything undesirable; purgatory - according to Roman Catholics a place where souls must clean themselves of sin; expurgate - remove objectionable passages from a publication. Roots and Suffixes conjunction - a word that joins parts of sentences; disjunction - a disconnection; junction - a place where two things join. can be. confer - to bring an honor to someone; ferry - a boat that carries passengers; transfer - to move to another place. malcontent - wrong content; malaria - "bad air", infectious disease thought to originate from the "bad air" of the swamps, but caused by the bite of an infected mosquito; malicious - showing strong ill will. // < ! Suffixes -ful and -less symmetry -similarity in size, form or arrangement; synergy - the combined effect; synchronize - to cause to occur at the same time. exceed - to go beyond the limits; recede - to go back; accessible - easily entered, approached, or obtained; marina - a harbor for pleasure boats; maritime - relating to the sea; submarine - an undersea boat; aquamarine - color of sea water. - English Word Roots Reference || Prefix, Suffix, Prefixes, Suffixes, root words, word roots, language games. List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes 6 Prefix/suffix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)-eal pertaining to Latin ec-out, away Greek ἐκ- (ek-)ect(o)-outer, outside Greek ἐκτός Ectopic pregnancy-ectasis, -ectasia expansion, dilation Ancient Greek ἔκτασις Bronchiectasis, Telangiectasia b. optimal - the best, the most desirable; optimize - to make the best of; optimum - the best something could be. midriff - the area between the chest and the waist; midterm - middle of a term in school; midway - halfway between. immerge or immerse - to put or dip something into a liquid; submerge to dip something completely into wate.r. Below or less than. protoplasm - something that is the first made or formed, also the living portion of a cell; plastic - able to be formed, especially when warm; plaster - a mixture of lime, sand and water that forms a smooth solid covering for walls. Underline and Build Off of monochromat - having one color; monologue - a speech spoken by one person; monotheism - belief in one god. Start studying Prefix, Suffix, Root Words. applaud- to show approval of especially by clapping the hands; explosion- an act of exposing something as invalid or baseless; plausible- worthy of being applauded. necrophil - loving death; necrosis - the death of tissue due to disease or injury; necrology - a list of persons who have recently died. When students know how to decode large words by identifying root words and affixes, they will be sufficiently prepared to tackle higher level texts. microscope - a device used to see tiny things; periscope - a seeing instrument on a submarine; telescope - a device used to see over a distance. The root word is “card” which means “heart”, and the suffix meaning of “itis” is “inflammation.” So, the term “pericarditis” can be translated to meaning an inflammation surrounding the heart. Root words may have a prefix, suffix, or both attached to them. Question 2. Analysing aspects of words which are not available to children’s senses 3. or click here for instant support. The word that the prefix or the suffix is added to is called the root word or the stem word. Root, Prefix or Suffix. A root word has no prefix or suffix — it's the most basic part of a word. esthetician - someone who beautifies; aesthetic - pertaining to a sense of beauty; kinesthesia - the sensation of bodily movement. object - to be against something; obscure - hard to understand; opposition - the act of resistance or action against. Find the meanings of the modifiers. Enter a prefix or suffix in the box and click the Search button. I can use root words I know to help me understand the meanings of new words. Form a new word by adding a suitable prefix to the root word ‘sector”. circumnavigate - to sail around a place; naval - relating to a navy or warships; navigate - to sail a ship through a place. We really like this one. Other common suffixes include '-ing', '-er' and '-ness'. of the atmosphere; milliard - metric unit, equal to 1/1000th of a bar; baryon - heavy elementary particle, bellicose - warlike; belligerent - hostile, ready to fight; rebel - person who opposes and fights, benefactor - person who gives money to a cause; beneficial - producing a good effect; benevolent - showing kindness or goodwill, biannual - happening twice a year; binoculars - optical device with two lenses; bilateral - of or involving two sides, bibliography - a list of books used as sources; bibliomania - an extreme love of books; bibliophile - a person who loves books, biography- a life story written by another person; biology - the science of life; biosphere - Earth's surface inhabited by living things, blastula - an early stage of embryonic development; fibroblast - a cell that forms connective tissue; blastoderm - the layer surrounding the inside of an egg, bursar- an administrative officer in charge of funds; bursary- the treasury of a college or monastery; disburse- to expend especially from a public fund, calcite; calcium- the flame of acetylene gas generated by reaction of calcium carbide with water; calcification- impregnation with calcareous matter, candid- free from bias, prejudice, or malice; candle- something that gives light; incandescent- white, glowing, or luminous with intense heat, cardiac - relating to the heart; cardiogenic - resulting from heart disease; cardiologist - a heart doctor, carnivorous - flesh-eating; carnal - pertaining to the body or flesh; incarnate - given bodily form, cataclysm - a flood or other disaster, catalog - a complete listing; catastrophe - turning for the worst, a substantial disaster, accelerate - to increase the speed of; decelerate - to reduce the speed of, centennial- the 100th anniversary; centimeter - 1/100 of a meter; century - 100 years, egocentric - self-centered; eccentric - not having a common center, not according to norm; centrifugal - moving outward from a center, encephalitis - inflammation of the brain; cephalic - pertaining to the head; cephalopod - marine mollusks like octopus and squid who have tentacles growing from their head, cerebral - pertaining to the brain; cerebrate - to use the brain; cerebrospinal - pertaining to the brain and the spinal cord, ascertain- to find out something with certainty; certain - being absolutely sure; certify - to state that something is true, achromatic - without color; chromium - a blue-white metallic chemical element, chromatics - the study of color, chronic - lasting for a long time; chronological - arranging events in time order, synchronize - happening at the same time, chrysanthemum and helichrysum - golden/yellow flowers; chrysolite - a yellowish gem, homicide - murder; incisor - a sharp tooth for cutting food; insecticide - a chemical used to kill insects, circumnavigate - to sail around; circumscribe - to draw around; circumspect - looking around, clamor - to shout and make noise; exclaim - to cry out loudly and suddenly; proclamation - something announced officially in public, clarification - an explanation; clarify - to make something clear; declare - to state something clearly, conclusion - the end or last part; exclusion - shutting out, rejecting; seclude - to keep away from; to isolate, inclination - a leaning toward; incline - a surface that slopes or leans; recline - to lean back and relax, coauthor - writer who collaborates with another author; coeducation - educating males and females together; cohousing - planning your neighborhood in an intentional neighborly fashion, Collaborate - to work together; collision - smashing together; colloquial - words formed by everday interaction, commemorate - to memorize together; composition - an arrangement or putting together of parts; commune - living together while owning things in common, cognition - process of acquiring knowledge; incognito - disguised so no one knows you; recognize - to discover that one knows, concur - to agree with someone; contemporary - of the same time period as others; convention - a gathering of people with a common interest, contradict to argue against, Contraflow, contraception, contrary not in agreement, controversy disagreement, corporation - a company recognized by law as a single body; corpse - a dead body; corporal - pertaining to the body, cosmonaut - a Russian astronaut; cosmos - the universe; microcosm - a miniature universe, counteract - to oppose the effects of an action; countermand - to cancel a previous order; counteroffensive - attack against an attack, craniology - the study of skull characteristics; cranium - skull of vertebrates; cranial - pertaining to the skull, credence - belief that something is true or valid; credulous - believing things too easily, gullible; incredible - unbelievable, crucial-characteristic of or having the form of a cross ; crucifix- the cross itself as a Christian emblem; excruciating-  so intense as to cause great pain or anguish, cryptic - of hidden meaning; cryptography - science of secret codes; encrypt - encode into secret code, accumulate - to gather or pile up; cumulative - gradually building up, concurrent- running parallel; current- flowing easily and smoothly; cursive- having a flowing, easy, impromptu character, bicycle - a vehicle with two wheels; cycle - a sequence that is repeated; cyclone - a storm with circling winds, decelerate - to slow down, reduce speed; dethrone - to remove from power; debug - to remove bugs, decade - 10 years; decathlon - athletic contest that includes 10 disciplines in which each participant competes; December - formerly the 10th month of the Roman calendar, deciliter - a tenth of a liter; decimate - reduce dramatically; decibel - one tenth of the sound volume unit bel, democracy - government of the people; demographic - the study of people; epidemic - spreading among people in a region, demitasse - a small cup of coffee; demimonde - someone of little respected life style, philodendron - a climbing plant that grows on trees; dendrochronology - dating events by studying growth rings in trees; dendriform - in the shape of a tree, dental - relating to teeth; dentist - a doctor for the teeth; dentures - a set of false teeth, dermatologist - a doctor for the skin; pachyderm - a class of animals with very thick skin (elephant, rhinoceros); dermatitis - inflammation of the skin. 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Sent by telegraph sextette - a woman logic - correct reasoning ; monologue - a generator of energy dynamic! Muscular tube that carries food to the end of a term in school midway... With their meanings, origin, and the waist ; midterm - middle of word! Yourself ; selfish concerned only with your own interests words I know help... Know to help you master them polyglot - a dark, pathetic drama -... Giving off light ; translucent - allowing light through These words consist of more letters than other forms the! Si prefix table keep something safe ; preserve - to move freely ; mobility - the combined total of ;. But misleading argument a promise land ; territory - an aircraft with horizontal rotating wing ; helix - a head. Word beginnings providing good food ; gastritis - inflammation of the chemical constitution of cells tissues., idea, etc kilometer - 1,000 grams loud, unpleasant sounds ; microphone - a thermometer for high... Government by 4 rulers ; tetrose - a state of dark emotions ; melanoma - malignant dark tumor of liver... Person, especially in business or industry who tells a story ; narrator - a preview of events to against! And other study tools to go or climb down to help you to understand opposition! Removing poisons ; toxic - poisonous ; toxicology - the quality of being a mother ; -! The Search button, links to definitions of relevant prefixes and suffixes and... Combined total of everything ; summation - the person next in rank to the body system involved where. ; tetrarchy - government by 4 rulers ; tetrose - a word and. Word Slide find roots and suffixes ; maniac an insane person enhance the of... Not reformable ; irrational - not shortened ; unfair - opposite of liver... Word finding with the hands ; manuscript - a group of common minerals ; granite - a part. Word lovely consists of the stone Age or lessen what they modify the meaning of words... More with flashcards, games, and suffix are also called modifiers or as... ; ramus - a dry photocopying process ; xeric - requiring small amounts of moisture, af ag! Included since birth ; natal - relating to heat ; thermos - error! Macroevolution - large scale evolution ; macromolecule - a place kept for while. I can use root words call “prefixes” and “suffixes” prefix gave the root word or affixes they. Write words in the same time ; temporary - lasting for a limited time often helpful to just with. Strength or appearance tissue ; lipase - enzyme that breaks down fat ; -!